Moisture is important in the absorption of nutrients in the intestine, the transport of food and waste in the body, and the regulation of the body temperature. Moisture is in food and drink. We get the most moisture through drinking. An adult needs an average of 1.5 to 2 liters per day of fluid in the form of drinks. How much moisture you need exactly depends on age, temperature, effort, eating and health condition. For example, women who are breastfeeding need more fluid than average.
On average, women's body consists of 52% of moisture and that of men for 63%. Babies even consist of 75% of moisture. Women have less fluid in their bodies because they generally have more fat than men. Fat tissue does not contain moisture. The fluid is distributed over the entire body: about 65% is in cells and tissues, the rest in the spaces between the cells and in the blood.
It is necessary to supplement what you lose in moisture. You keep the moisture balance at the right level by drinking enough. But moisture is also in food. The body automatically restores the moisture balance. If you lose too much fluid, for example, it emits less urine or you get a thirst that makes you drink more. What does leave the body fluid must be replenished.
Sources of moisture
Loss of moisture
The quantities can vary greatly. However, you need to produce at least 500 milliliters of urine every day to be able to dispose of your waste. Soft drinks, up to 7 cubes of sugar. This is about 700 milliliters for the elderly, because kidney function decreases.
Moisture consists for a large part of water and is important for:
How do you know if you are drinking enough water. If you drink nothing for too long, dehydration symptoms can occur, such as thirst, drowsiness, less sweating, less urination, less elasticity of the skin or fainting due to lowering blood pressure. For serious dehydration confusion is an indication, because especially the brain cells are sensitive to severe dehydration. Dehydration can also occur in diarrhea. In older people who are no longer able to take care of themselves and sick children, it is certainly important to ensure that they get enough fluid.
Without moisture, a person can survive only a few days and newborn babies even shorter.
Too much moisture?
Too much moisture can also pose a risk such as fluid accumulation in the brain. This almost never occurs, only if you drink extremely much. The kidneys can process about 0.7 to 1 liter of water per hour.
Sufficient fluid is important to keep urine production going and thus for the discharge of waste products from the body. Drinking as detoxification is not sufficiently substantiated scientifically.
Some people are prescribed water pills from the GP if they retain too much fluid. This applies, for example, if the kidneys deteriorate. Why drinking water is good for your hair. The use of water tablets is usually accompanied by dietary advice for salt or protein. Ask your doctor if you use water pills.
You need to drink about 1.5 to 2 liters of fluid per day. How much moisture you need depends on how much fluid you lose. Healthy drinks instead of water. That differs per person and depends on the circumstances in which you find yourself. If you exercise a lot and move or at higher temperatures, you need more. If you move a little and are in cool rooms, you need less moisture.