What Minerals are found in Tap Water

Written on the 12 May 2016 by Peter

What Minerals are found in Tap Water

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According to the nutrition specialists adults needs to drink at least two liters of water. Drinking enough water is important because if you keep a proper fluid balance the waste products are removed efficiently. Therefore it is very important to drink enough. Water is cheap, has no calories and is almost always available. But which minerals we actually get inside if we drink normal tap water?

Minerals in Tap Water.

Australian tap water is of a very high quality. This is because there are strict requirements established where Australian drinking water must meet. Also, there is a good control in order to verify that these requirements are being met. As a result, tap water contains virtually no pathogenic bacteria, heavy metals or other harmful substances. Tap water in Australia even contains less potential harmful substances than some types of bottled water sold in bottles. However, tap water contains, like some bottled water some minerals so we stay healthy. Some minerals we find in tap water are:

  • Calcium. This mineral in important for strong bones and healthy teeth. Calcium also plays an important role in blood clotting, cell growth and the production of hormones.
  • Magnesium. Magnesium is also needed for strong bones. You also need magnesium for energy metabolism and the structure and functioning of your muscles.
  • Sodium. This mineral is essential for balance in your fluid balance. Also, your blood pressure is regulated by this mineral. Overall, sodium is found in large quantities in our food. Sodium is in fact one of the main constituents of salt.
  • Potassium. Potassium has, like sodium, a role in the regulation of fluid balance and your blood pressure. Potassium is also responsible for your blood sugar level and the conduction of nerve impulses.
  • Phosphorus. This mineral helps with your endurance and can counteract fatigue. It plays a role in the conversion of sugar to energy.

In addition to the above mentioned minerals, tap water contains a variety of trace elements. Trace elements are in principle minerals but your body only needs a small quantity of them. In Australia tap water could have following trace elements:

  • Copper. Copper is necessary for the formation of connective tissue and bone tissue. It also plays a role in blood clotting and the functioning of the immune system.
  • Iron. Iron is very important for the production of blood cells and the transport of oxygen. This is the reason that you have to take iron supplements if you suffer from anemia. Besides iron is involved in various metabolic processes.
  • Selenium. Selenium is an antioxidant that protects cells from damage. It is also important for proper functioning of the thyroid gland.
  • Chromium. This trace element assist in the conversion of carbohydrates into energy. Also plays a role in the uptake of insulin into your cells.
  • Zinc. Zinc is essential for the synthesis of proteins and the growth of tissue. Moreover, zinc plays an important role in your metabolism and functioning of your immune system.

Water contains far more material than you might think at first glance.


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